Characteristics of Counterfeit Turkish Lira Banknotes

Characteristics of Counterfeit Turkish Lira Banknotes

Banknote Paper

The original banknote paper is made of 100% cotton fiber, and does not fluoresce under UV light. It is resistant to soiling. The paper is tinted with the dominant color of each denomination. In contrast, counterfeit banknote paper has the same paper specifications as those on the market, and it is generally covered by a special lacquer to prevent it from fluorescing under UV light. However, some counterfeit banknotes may fluoresce under UV light.

Watermark

The original banknote incorporates a watermark of  Atatürk's portrait and the electrotype watermark showing the denominational value, which can be seen in the unprinted white area when the banknote is held up against light from either the obverse or reverse side. The watermarks  on counterfeit banknotes are imitated between or on the paper by printing, or some counterfeit banknotes do not contain imitation watermarks.

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Original Counterfeit

Security Fibers

Security fibers are incorporated into the original banknote paper during the manufacturing process, and are invisible to the naked eye but fluoresce in blue and red under UV light. It is observed that security fibers in counterfeit banknotes are attempted to be imitated by  printing or highlighters.

Orjinal Sahte
Original Counterfeit

The Security Thread

The original banknote contains a security thread which is embedded into the paper and forms a continuous line when held up against light. The security thread contains the numeral belonging to the denominational value along with the letters ''TL'', and it fluoresces under UV light in three different colors (blue-red-yellow) depending on the denominational value in dual groups. On counterfeit banknotes, it is observed that the security thread is attempted to be imitated along with the UV features by the printing method.

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Original Original Counterfeit Counterfeit

The Holographic Stripe Foil

Obverse right side of the original banknote contains holographic stripe foil which creates  colorful and bright reflections when the  banknote is viewed at different angles. It has been  found  that the holographic foil stripe  on counterfeit notes is attempted to be imitated using silvery and iridescent gilding.

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Original Counterfeit Counterfeit

Iridescent Stripe Application

Reverse side of banknotes contains an iridescent stripe application which contains the numeral showing the denominational value and the letters ''TL'', and which reflects in a translucent yellow color. It is attempted to be imitated on counterfeit banknotes.

Orjinal Sahte
Original Counterfeit

Intaglio Printing

The obverse side of the original banknote is printed using  a special printing technique, which is applied to some texts, numeral blocks and motifs, and creates an embossed effect that can be felt with the fingertips. Counterfeit banknotes do not contain intaglio printing; however, on some counterfeit note it is seen that the intaglio printing effect is imitated by putting an  embossed effect on  the reverse side of the banknote using different methods.

Orjinal Sahte
Original Counterfeit

Latent Image

The obverse side of the original banknote contains a latent image within the heptagon shaped motif on the right side of the jacket of Atatürk's portrait. It is formed by  lines running breadthwise and lengthwise , on which the numeral of the denominational value can be read when the banknote is viewed horizontally at eye level. The latent image effect on counterfeit banknotes cannot be applied in the same way as   the original banknote.

Orjinal Sahte
Original Counterfeit

Micro Lettering

The obverse side of the original banknote contains micro lettering within the crescent and star motifs, which contain the numeral showing the denominational value and the letters ''TL''. These are applied by the intaglio printing technique and can be seen with a magnifying glass. On counterfeit banknotes, the micro lettering areas which contain “the numerals” and the letters ''TL'' within the motifs of the crescent and star, cannot be read with a magnifying glass as they become  distorted . However, on some counterfeits it is observed that the readability of the micro lettering increases depending on the features of the printing technique.

Orjinal Sahte
Original Counterfeit

See Through Image

The original banknote contains a see-through image which is seen when the banknote is held up against light, and which is formed as parts of a numeral showing the denominational value on the obverse and reverse sides complete each other. On counterfeit banknotes, see-through images are generally out of synch and distorted.

Orjinal Sahte
Original Counterfeit

Ink with Fluorescent Effect

The obverse side of the original banknote contains the numeral showing the denominational value and the letters ''TL'' on Atatürk's portrait, which are printed with an ink with fluorescent effect that fluoresces brightly under UV light. On some counterfeit banknotes, it is seen that the numeral showing the denominational value and the letters ''TL'' are attempted to be imitated so as to fluoresce in a similar way to the original.

Orjinal Sahte
Original Counterfeit

Serial and Sequence Numbers

Two serial and sequence numbers are applied on the back of the original banknote, which are printed in black and red. The one printed in black ink fluoresces in green and the other printed in red ink fluoresces in red under UV light. On some counterfeit banknotes, the serial and sequence numbers which are printed in red ink are observed to be imitated so as to fluoresce in red under UV light. However, the serial and sequence numbers which are printed in black ink banknotes do not fluoresce in green under UV light on counterfeit banknotes.

Orjinal Sahte
Orjinal Sahte
Original Counterfeit

Size Difference

Original banknotes come  in different  sizes, and the  size of each denomination is separately specified by making a difference of 6 mm in the long side and 4 mm in the short side in dual groups.  It is observed that counterfeit banknotes are imitated in the same sizes as the original banknotes, and some counterfeit banknotes are imitated with slight differences of millimeters in width and length.


CENTRAL BANK OF THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY Head Office Anafartalar Mah. İstiklal Cad. No:10 06050 Ulus Altındağ Ankara Phone : (+90 312) 507 50 00 | Fax : (+90 312) 507 56 40