Türkiye İşgücü Piyasasında Mesleklerin Önemi: Hizmetler Sektörü İstihdamı, İşgücü ve Ücret Kutuplaşması (The Importance of Occupations in the Turkish Labor Market: Service Sector Employment, Job and Wage Polarization)

Türkiye İşgücü Piyasasında Mesleklerin Önemi: Hizmetler Sektörü İstihdamı, İşgücü ve Ücret Kutuplaşması (The Importance of Occupations in the Turkish Labor Market: Service Sector Employment, Job and Wage Polarization)

Title : The Importance of Occupations in the Turkish Labor Market: Service Sector Employment, Job and Wage Polarization
Number : 13/21
Author(s) : Semih Akçomak, H. Burcu Gürcihan
Language : Turkish
Date : April 2013
Abstract : Recent literature has identified three trends in the labor markets of the industrialized countries: (i) employment share of services sector has increased, (ii) employment share in low and high skilled occupations has increased (job polarization), (iii) similarly wages in the low and high skilled occupations have increased relative to middling jobs (wage polarization). In this paper, we investigate the existence of such findings in the Turkish labor market for the 2004-2010 period using Labor Force Survey micro data. We found evidence for wage and to some extent job polarization. Despite being an emerging market economy, on this respect, Turkish labor market behaves like those of industrial economies. In the literature, technological development and globalization are seen as the main drivers of labor market polarization and reasons behind this phenomenon are investigated using data on task composition of occupations. In this paper, we show that occupations have significant contribution in explaining the change in wage distribution in Turkey. However since there is no occupation-task level data in Turkey we cannot investigate the actual reasons of the polarization pattern. Thus, to conduct research in identifying the sources of these recent trends in the labor market it is important to compile occupation-task data.
Keywords : Job polarization, Wage polarization, Occupation-task decomposition
JEL Codes : F16; J21; J23; J24; O33

 

Türkiye İşgücü Piyasasında Mesleklerin Önemi: Hizmetler Sektörü İstihdamı, İşgücü ve Ücret Kutuplaşması (The Importance of Occupations in the Turkish Labor Market: Service Sector Employment, Job and Wage Polarization)
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