Managing Short-Term Capital Flows in New Central Banking: Unconventional Monetary Policy Framework in Turkey

Managing Short-Term Capital Flows in New Central Banking: Unconventional Monetary Policy Framework in Turkey

Title:

Managing Short-Term Capital Flows in New Central Banking: Unconventional Monetary Policy Framework in Turkey

Number:

14/03

Author(s):

Ahmet Faruk Aysan, Salih Fendoğlu, Mustafa Kılınç

Language:

English

Date:

February 2014

Abstract:

During the global financial crisis of 2008-2009, both advanced and emerging countries have implemented significant easing policies on monetary and fiscal fronts. Yet, the recovery, especially in advanced countries, was not as quick or strong as expected. These quantitative easing policies, coupled with weak recovery and restricted fiscal positions, have created not only abundant but also excessively volatile global liquidity conditions, leading to short-term and excessively volatile capital flows to emerging markets. To contain potential risks due to such flows, emerging countries have augmented their existing policy frameworks. Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey (CBRT), for example, has introduced two new policy tools in its new monetary policy framework: the asymmetric interest rate corridor and the reserve option mechanism. From a capital flows perspective, the interest rate corridor helps smooth fluctuations in supply of foreign funds, whereas the reserve option mechanism helps contain movements in demand for foreign funds. Both policies have been actively used by the CBRT and appeared to be effective in containing financial stability risks stemming from excessively volatile capital flows.

Keywords:

Capital flows, macroprudential policies, central banking

JEL Codes:

E44; E52; E58

Managing Short-Term Capital Flows in New Central Banking: Unconventional Monetary Policy Framework in Turkey
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