Reserve Requirements, Liquidity Risk and Credit Growth

Reserve Requirements, Liquidity Risk and Credit Growth

Title:

Reserve Requirements, Liquidity Risk and Credit Growth

Number:

14/24

Author(s):

Koray Alper, Mahir Binici, Selva Demiralp, Hakan Kara, Pınar Özlü

Language:

English

Date:

July 2014

Abstract:

Many central banks in emerging economies have used reserve requirements (RR) to alleviate the trade-off between financial stability and price stability in recent years. Notwithstanding their widespread use, transmission channels of RR have remained largely as a black-box. In this paper, we use bank-level data to explore the interaction between RR and bank lending behavior. Our empirical findings suggest that short-term borrowing from the central bank is not a close substitute for deposits for banks. Bank lending behavior responds significantly to reserve requirements and liquidity positions. Our analysis allows us to identify a new channel that we name as the “liquidity channel”. The channel works through a decline in bank liquidity and loan supply due to an increase in reserve requirements.

Keywords:

Monetary Transmission Mechanism; Liquidity Risk; Bank Lending Channel; Turkey

JEL Codes:

E44; E51; E52

Reserve Requirements, Liquidity Risk and Credit Growth
CENTRAL BANK OF THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY Head Office Anafartalar Mah. İstiklal Cad. No:10 06050 Ulus Altındağ Ankara Phone : (+90 312) 507 50 00 | Fax : (+90 312) 507 56 40